Foot & Ankle Pain

Arch Pain

Pain across the bottom of the foot at any point between the heel and the ball of the foot is often referred to as "arch pain." Although this description is non-specific, most arch pain is due to strain or inflammation of the plantar fascia (a long ligament on the bottom of the foot). This condition is known as plantar fasciitis and is sometimes associated with a heel spur.

In most cases, arch pain develops from overuse, unsupportive shoes, weight gain, or acute injury. If arch pain persists beyond a few days, see a foot and ankle surgeon for treatment to prevent this condition from becoming worse.

Looking for more information?
Plantar Fasciitis
Pediatric Flatfoot
Flexible Flatfoot 

Ankle Pain

Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain but can also be caused by ankle instability, arthritis, gout, tendonitis, fracture, nerve compression (tarsal tunnel syndrome), infection and poor structural alignment of the leg or foot. Ankle pain can be associated with swelling, stiffness, redness, and warmth in the involved area. The pain is often described as an intense dull ache that occurs upon weight bearing and ankle motion.

Initial treatment may consist of rest, ice, elevation, and immobilization, but may also include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, physical therapy, and cortisone injection. A foot and ankle surgeon can best determine the cause of the ankle pain and appropriate treatment options.

For more information on ankle pain see these valuable topics and articles:
Old Ankle Sprains Increase Risk for Newly Active Baby Boomers
Achilles tendon
ankle instability
arthritis
gout
fracture
osteoarthritis
peroneal tendon injuries
PTTD
talar dome lesion
tarsal tunnel syndrome (nerve compression)

Joint Pain in the Foot

The foot contains 26 bones and more than 30 joints. Many people experience pain involving one or more of these joints. The pain may be accompanied by swelling, tenderness, stiffness, redness, bruising and/or increased warmth over the affected joints.

Joint pain may be caused by trauma, infection, inflammation, arthritis, bursitis, gout, or structural foot problems. It is initially treated with rest, elevation and limitation of walking/weight bearing on the painful foot. Use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, and ice can help to reduce local inflammation and pain. Custom orothotic devices may also be prescribed to support the foot and reduce pain. A foot and ankle surgeon can best determine the cause of joint pain and recommend the appropriate treatment.

Need more information?
Bunions
Capsulitis of the Second Toe
Gout
Osteoarthritis of the Foot and Ankle
Tailor's Bunion
Tarsal Coalition
Rheumatoid Arthritis